Inhabited for over 7000 years, Athens greatest glory is drawn from the Classical period of ancient Greece. So many buildings and artifacts survive to this day from the Classical period (between 4th and 5th centuries BC). The city is dominated by the world-famous Acropolis and its theaters and temples.
The city of Athens, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolise the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Athens began as a small, Mycenaen community and grew to become a city that, at its height, epitomised the best of Greek virtues and enjoyed such prestige that the Spartans refused to sack the city or enslave the citizens, even after Athens’ defeat in the Peloponnesian War. This set a model that would be followed by future conquerors who would defeat Athens but not destroy it.